Layer-specific modulation of neocortical dendritic inhibition during active wakefulness
Specialized nerve cells, known as somatostatin-expressing (Sst) interneurons, in the outer part of the mammalian brain - play a key role in controlling how information flows in the brain

Ultrastructural evidence for synaptic scaling across the wake/sleep cycle
The axon-spine interface decreased ~18% after sleep compared with wake

Study Shows How Epilepsy Drugs Block Electrical Signals in the Brain
A new study reports computer simulations have helped to identify the drug’s binding site

The Rhythm That Makes Memories Permanent
Sharp wave ripples, brain waves important for memory consolidation, are influenced by synaptic inhibition.

‘Latest Spoke in the Wheel’ Drives Brain-Mapping Advances
A special section on “Super-resolution Microscopy of Neural Structure and Function” in the current issue of the journal Neurophotonics

New Mechanism of How Brain Networks Form Identified
Excitatory neurons sculpt and refine maps of the external world throughout development and experience, while inhibitory neurons form maps that become broader with maturation

The Last Frontier: The Molecular Basis of Brain Plasticity and How Neurons Learn
A new study proposes a new theory to how neurons learn

Further Evidence for Causal Link Between Schizophrenia and Cannabis
Schizophrenia risk may predict cannabis use, rather than the other way around

Mapping the Brain’s Aging Connections
Impact of ageing on brain connections mapped in major scan study

Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation Improves Cognitive Control
Applying transcranial direct current stimulation to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex can help to improve cognitive control and may be a beneficial treatment for those with autism, schizophrenia and ADHD

Researchers Make an Autism Breakthrough
As many as a third of autism cases could be explained by a scarcity of a single protein in the brain

Teens Benefit From Later High School Start Times
Later high school start times are associated with reduced motor vehicle accidents and less daytime sleepiness for teens

Researchers Identify New Epilepsy Gene Network
Researchers have identified a network of 320 genes they believe to be associated with epilepsy

Neuromotor Problems At the Core of Autism
Researchers warn using psychotropic medications to treat autism could make neuromotor problems worse

Study Uncovers Details of Information Processing in the Brain
New research shows that, when focused, we process information continuously, rather in waves as previously thought

Illusion Reveals the Brain Fills in Peripheral Vision
What we see in the periphery, just outside the direct focus of the eye, may sometimes be a visual illusion

How the Hippocampus Influences Future Thinking
Researchers report the hippocampus isn’t just important for remembering past events, it also plays a vital role in future planning

Selective modulation of cortical state during spatial attention
Cortical states are controlled locally within a cortical map according to cognitive demands

Brain Connections Show More Symmetry Between Hemispheres in People With Autism
A new study identifies differences in brain connectivity in people with ASD compared to their typically developing peers

Researchers use fast fMRI to track the brain activity that occurs during thought

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